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📚 > Physiology > Cardiovascular System > Heart as a Pump_>

Control of Heart by Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nerves



Sympathetic Nervous System

  • Supplies SA node, AV node as well as ventricular musculature.

  • Baseline activity ⟶ keeps the heart pumping 30% above that without sympathetic activity.

Simulation
  • Increases heart rate by stimulating the SA node.

  • Increases force of contraction by stimulating ventricular muscle cells.

  • The net result is increased cardiac output.

Inhibition
  • Decreases heart rate.

  • Decreases force of contraction decreases.

  • The net result is decreased cardiac output.


Parasympathetic Nervous System

  • Mainly supplies SA node and atria but not much to ventricles.

  • Calms down the heart.

Stimulation
  • Mainly decreases heart rate.

  • not much effect on the force of contraction as ventricles do not receive significant parasympathetic innervation.


Very Strong Stimulation

Stop the heart for a few seconds

↓

Heart Escapes

↓

The heart starts beating at a lower rate of 20-40 beats per minute

  • Decrease strength of contraction to some extent.

 

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